DermKnowledgeBASE: diaper dermatitis

diaper dermatitis

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The text is the summary of recent articles on diaper dermatitis at 75 thresold from National Library of Medicine (NLM). This information is subject to NCBI's Disclaimer and Copyright notice.

Candida albicans and Staphylococcus aureus are most frequently isolated from the affected area and are thought to have a predominant role in diaper dermatitis [1]. State-of-the-art strategies for diagnosis, management, and prevention of diaper dermatitis are also included [2]. In this non randomised clinical trial which was performed on 58 Infants with diaper dermatitis referred to Faghihi Hospital, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, the efficacy and safety of topical Coriandrum extract cream is compared with hydrocortisone ointment [3]. Skin health related to the use of absorbent hygiene products has accordingly also greatly improved [4]. Babies with developing skin and the elderly with deteriorating skin functions who are the most frequent users of absorbent hygiene products are more vulnerable to the causal factors [5].

Although irritant reactions are the most common, allergic contact dermatitis should be considered if a DD/IAD fails to improve by recommended actions [6]. The mean skin pH and TEWL values were higher in the Gluteal area than the anterior chest wall in all subjects, with or without Dermatitis [7]. Witch hazel is an effective and well-tolerated treatment of Inflammation and diaper dermatitis [8]. To confirm the onset and disappearance of candidiasis, we microscopically evaluated the existence of the pseudohyphae and/or blastoconidia of Candida spp [9]. Clinicians need to recognize these benign skin conditions and differentiate them from more serious conditions, such as infectious pustular Eruptions from bacterial, viral, and fungal causes, and inflammatory conditions, such as langerhans cell histiocytosis [10].

Notable bacterial pustular Eruptions are bullous impetigo and congenital syphilis [11]. An evidence-based algorithm for prevention and treatment of diaper Dermatitis was developed and introduced in a level IV Neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) [12]. The second case demonstrates a less severe, but equally frustrating, case of diaper dermatitis that occurred after the practice of using the algorithm was established [13]. The need for consistency in the prevention and treatment of diaper dermatitis is paramount to providing quality care [14]. The adherence to consistent and evidence-based treatment regimens has the potential to decrease the incidence and severity of diaper dermatitis in high-risk hospitalized Infants [15].

Initiation of an evidence-based algorithm to assist in the prevention and treatment of diaper dermatitis can be supported by data of the Number of cases of diaper dermatitis collected before and after implementing the algorithm [16]. The information can further assist in continued education and pursuance of investigation of other major skin injuries in NICU patients [17]. irritant diaper dermatitis is by far the most common cause, but numerous potentially serious diseases can present with changes of the skin in the Diaper Area [18]. In the United States, the frequency of diaper dermatitis is substantial and accounts for a high Number of visits to health care providers [19]. The three most common types of diaper dermatitis are chafing Dermatitis, irritant contact dermatitis and diaper candidiasis [20].

His mother reported using local clobetasol for the previous seven months for his diaper dermatitis [21]. The Children referring to private and public clinics in Ilam, Iran were exmined for oral candidiasis and diaper dermatitis [22]. Transepidermal water loss (TEWL), skin hydration (SCH), skin pH, interleukin 1α (IL-1α) levels, and microbiologic colonization were measured in diapered skin (upper outer quadrant of the buttocks), nondiapered skin (upper leg), and if diaper dermatitis (DD) occurred, using the most affected skin area at day 1 and weeks 4 and 8 [23]. Many of these conditions are limited to this area of the skin, but others extend to skin outside this area, and some are signs of Systemic disease [24].

References: 1 , 2 , 3 , 4 , 5 , 6 , 7 , 8 , 9 , 10 , 11 , 12 , 13 , 14 , 15 , 16 , 17 , 18 , 19 , 20 , 21 , 22 , 23 , 24 ,

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About Me

I have varied research interests ranging from eHealth, Health Information Exchange, Clinical Trials and Research, Contact Dermatitis, Bioinformatics, and Cosmetic Dermatology. I have work experience in Canada as an eHealth analyst, and in Dubai and India as a Specialist Dermatologist.


Bell Raj Eapen
Hamilton, ON