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Body Dysmorphic Disorder

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The text is the summary of recent articles on Body Dysmorphic Disorder at 75 thresold from National Library of Medicine (NLM). This information is subject to NCBI's Disclaimer and Copyright notice.

All the participants were interviewed at the initial assessment and after six months [1]. The phenomenological and neurophysiological overlap of these conditions with dissociation is described [2]. All three cases have histories of early childhood trauma, dissociative symptoms and features of Obsessive Compulsive Spectrum Disorders that have proven to be treatment resistant with previous cognitive/behavioural and pharmacological interventions [3]. These symptoms suggest that individuals with BDD may experience deficits in underlying neurocognitive functions, such as set-shifting and visuospatial organization [4]. Results revealed a set-shifting deficit among BDD participants compared to HCs on the IED [5].

On the ROCF, BDD participants exhibited deficits in visuospatial organization compared to HCs, but they did not differ in visuospatial memory compared to HCs [6]. Results did not change when accounting for depression severity [7]. Both patients and clinicians completed assessment tools that included: the Manchester Scar Scale (to measure Scar perception), Dysmorphic Concern Questionnaire (to assess body image), Body Dysmorphic Concern Questionnaire (to screen for body dysmorphic disorder) and EQ-5D (to measure life quality) [8]. Repetitive behaviors are performed in response to the preoccupations [9]. In the process of investigating the neurobiology of BDD, neuroimaging and neuropsychological studies have been conducted [10].

These findings have been supplemented by combined neuroimaging and neuropsychological studies [11]. Little is known about BDD prevalence and phenomenology in the Italian context, and no data are currently available on BDD prevalence using DSM-5 criteria in the Italian context [12]. This study examines the relative relationships between body shame and General shame with body dysmorphic phenomenology and psychosocial outcomes [13]. Wilhelm has also received speaking honorarium from various academic institutions and foundations, including the International Obsessive Compulsive Disorder Foundation and the Tourette Association of America [14]. We identified differences in brain activity, Structure, and connectivity in BDD participants in frontostriatal, limbic, and visual system regions when compared to healthy control and other clinical groups [15].

We put forth a neurobiological model of BDD pathophysiology that involves wide-spread disorganisation in neural networks involved in cognitive control and the interpretation of visual and emotional information [16]. Neither relationship status nor genital dissatisfaction was associated with pornography use [17]. Using a three-level meta-analytic model, 75 studies were reviewed that examined associations between rejection sensitivity and five mental health outcomes: depression, anxiety, loneliness, borderline personality disorder, and body dysmorphic disorder [18]. The association between rejection sensitivity and depression was negatively moderated by length of follow-up [19]. The longitudinal associations between rejection sensitivity and depression, anxiety, and loneliness were stable over time [20].

We conducted three studies using different methods to investigate the relationship between DT and body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) [21]. Following an exploratory factor analysis of the Scale in the OCD sample, the results showed that participants with OCD in General did not score significantly higher on fear of self-perceptions than did the clinical comparison participants [22]. In clinical praxis, body dysmorphic disorder remains underdiagnosed, especially when cooccurring with an eating disorder [23]. BDD can express itself in a delirious experience, an excessive evaluation and employment of the external appearance, in particular the face [24]. Only two of these were evaluated in a cosmetic setting: the "Body Dysmorphic Disorder Questionnaire Dermatology Version" (BDDQ-DV) and the "Dysmorphic Concern Questionnaire" (DCQ) [25].

Davon wurden nur zwei in einem kosmetischen Rahmen evaluiert: der „Body Dysmorphic Disorder Questionnaire–Dermatology Version“ (BDDQ-DV) und der „Dysmorphic Concern Questionnaire“ (DCQ) [26]. This study attempted to adapt the factor Structure of two instruments that cover the DC construct, the Dysmorphic Concern Questionnaire (DCQ) and the Body Dysmorphic Disorder Examination Self-Report (BDDE-SR), to Spanish and establish their psychometric properties [27]. The current study aimed to follow up a group of adolescents who had originally participated in a randomized controlled trial of CBT for BDD to determine whether treatment gains were maintained [28]. In male participants, it also compared the presenting features of those with and without muscle dysmorphia [29]. Male participants completed additional measures of quality of life, drive for muscularity, hyperactivity, conduct disorder, peer problems, and emotional symptoms [30].

Controlling for demographic variables that varied by sex, male and female participants reported similar BDD Symptom severity, rates of most elevated comorbid symptoms, and mental health service use [31]. Female participants were more likely than male participants to report elevated Generalized anxiety symptoms [32]. In male participants, Muscle dysmorphia was not associated with greater severity across most measures [33]. There are some similarities, but also important differences, between BDD and obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), not just in terms of core clinical symptoms, but possibly in the domain of perception [34]. There is a broad spectrum of severity in body dysmorphic disorder, ranging from obsessional worry to frank delusion, and the psychiatric comorbidities-anxiety, depression, and personality disorder-are prominent parts of the picture [35].

This paper describes the incidence, possible etiologies, and clinical picture of body dysmorphic disorder in dermatology patients and discusses interpersonal approaches that may permit appropriate treatment or referral to take place [36]. The differential diagnosis includes other psychiatric disorders, including depression, anxiety disorders, delusions of parasitosis, and body dysmorphic disorder [37].

References: 1 , 2 , 3 , 4 , 5 , 6 , 7 , 8 , 9 , 10 , 11 , 12 , 13 , 14 , 15 , 16 , 17 , 18 , 19 , 20 , 21 , 22 , 23 , 24 , 25 , 26 , 27 , 28 , 29 , 30 , 31 , 32 , 33 , 34 , 35 , 36 , 37 ,

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I have varied research interests ranging from eHealth, Health Information Exchange, Clinical Trials and Research, Contact Dermatitis, Bioinformatics, and Cosmetic Dermatology. I have work experience in Canada as an eHealth analyst, and in Dubai and India as a Specialist Dermatologist.


Bell Raj Eapen
Hamilton, ON