DermKnowledgeBASE: Adams oliver Syndrome

Adams oliver Syndrome

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The text is the summary of recent articles on Adams oliver Syndrome at 75 thresold from National Library of Medicine (NLM). This information is subject to NCBI's Disclaimer and Copyright notice.

Functionally, CdGAP-Ajuba interaction maintains junctional integrity in homeostasis and diseases: (i) gain-of-function CdGAP mutants found in Adams-Oliver Syndrome patients strongly destabilize cell-cell contacts and (ii) CdGAP mRNA levels are inversely correlated with E-cadherin protein expression in different cancers [1]. Several complicated cases of Adams-Oliver syndrome have been reported, in which flap failures were encountered and other alternatives had to be used to close critical scalp defects [2]. Here, the case of a 4-year-old Child with Adams-Oliver syndrome and a complex cranial defect with exposed titanium mesh is described [3]. The patient was successfully treated with Epidermal growth factor (EGF) infused foam dressings and subsequent split-thickness skin grafting [4]. DLL4 has recently been identified as a causative gene of an Autosomal Dominant type of AOS with milder symptoms [5].

EOGT transfers GlcNAc (N-acetylglucosamine) to Ser or Thr in secreted and membrane proteins that contain one or more epidermal growth factor-like repeats with a specific consensus sequence [6]. However it is most frequently an isolated disorder, it can be associated with other anomalies, such as the Adams-Oliver syndrome, the association with a fetus papyraceus or with an epidermolysis bullosa [7]. It is believed that Adams-Oliver syndrome without major organ abnormalities does not necessarily alter the normal lifespan [8]. In its more severe forms, Adams-Oliver syndrome can involve the cardiovascular system, central nervous system, gastrointestinal tract, and genitourinary system and should require prompt evaluation by appropriate subspecialists [9]. We also demonstrate a proof-of-principle application of the method to prioritize genes causing Adams-Oliver syndrome, a genetically heterogeneous rare disease [10].

EOGT is responsible for Adams-Oliver syndrome, a rare congenital disorder characterized by aplasia cutis congenita and terminal transverse limb defects, often accompanied by cardiovascular and neurological defects [11]. Roughly, INCPH diagnosis is based on clinical criteria and the formal exclusion of any other causes of portal Hypertension [12]. Currently, treatment of INCPH relies on the prevention of complications related to portal Hypertension, following current guidelines of cirrhotic portal Hypertension [13]. Here, we report five heterozygous NOTCH1 variants in unrelated individuals with Adams-Oliver syndrome (AOS), a rare disease with major features of aplasia cutis of the Scalp and terminal transverse limb defects [14]. We identified an infant with mild aplasia cutis congenita and terminal transverse limb defects, developmental delay and a severe, Diffuse angiopathy with incomplete microvascularization [15].

Although the physiological function of O-GlcNAc in mammals has not yet been elucidated, exome sequencing identified homozygous EOGT Mutations in patients with Adams-Oliver syndrome, a rare congenital disorder characterized by aplasia cutis congenita and terminal transverse limb defects [16]. Adams-Oliver syndrome is the association of aplasia cutis congenita with terminal transverse limb reduction defects with or without cutis marmorata telangiectatica congenita [17]. The patient presented with brachydactyly involving all the digits of his Hands and shortening of both big toes along with aplasia cutis on the Scalp [18]. The present girl had occipital encephalocele, large Scalp defects, aplasia cutis congenita, terminal transverse limb defects and Bilateral Cleft Lip And Palate [19]. This can be isolated ACC occurring on the Scalp, with or without underlying ectopic neural tissue, or ACC can be associated with other conditions such as Adams-Oliver syndrome or epidermolysis bullosa [20].

The prototype system features a structured organization with distinct partitions for background information, recent publications, and community discussions [21]. The software design allows volunteer editors to create a themed website, implement a limited set of topic pages, and connect the software to dynamic RSS feeds providing information about recent news or advances [22]. The prototype was assessed by a fraction of the disease sites developed (8 out of 27), including Aarskog-Scott syndrome, Aniridia, Adams-Oliver syndrome, Cat Eye syndrome, kabuki syndrome, Leigh syndrome, Peters anomaly, and rothmund-thomson syndrome [23]. The patient had aplasia cutis congenita with partial aplasia of the skull Bones, and terminal transverse limb malformations characteristic of the disease [24].

References: 1 , 2 , 3 , 4 , 5 , 6 , 7 , 8 , 9 , 10 , 11 , 12 , 13 , 14 , 15 , 16 , 17 , 18 , 19 , 20 , 21 , 22 , 23 , 24 ,

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About Me

I have varied research interests ranging from eHealth, Health Information Exchange, Clinical Trials and Research, Contact Dermatitis, Bioinformatics, and Cosmetic Dermatology. I have work experience in Canada as an eHealth analyst, and in Dubai and India as a Specialist Dermatologist.


Bell Raj Eapen
Hamilton, ON